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G. Buccellati, 2002-2010
L. Recht, 2013-
Last updated October 2015


Alphabetic bibliography of Urkesh and the Hurrians

     Publications by colleagues. Authors are listed alphabetically, and under each author's name the titles are listed chronologically.
     Where a full digital version is available online, a reference to the proper link is given.
     For publications which deal more extensively, as a whole or in part, with Urkesh, our website provides an abstract. For some others, a brief précis (in smaller type) or a direct quote from the publication itself is given below the title, occasionally followed (in square brackets) by a comment.


     Go to the following letter:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Astour, Michael C.
2002 "A Reconstruction of the History of Ebla (Part 2)"
Eblaitica; Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language 4, pp. 57-195.
See abstract

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Barrelet, M.J.
1977 "Le 'Cas' hurrite et la pratique archeologique"
in Methodologie et critique I: Problèmes concernent les Hurrites. Paris, pp. 1-20.
1978 "Le 'cas hurrite' et l'archéologie"
RHA 36, pp. 23-34.

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Berlyn, Patricia
2005 "The Journey of Terah: To Ur-Kasdim or Urkesh?"
Jewsih Bible Quarterly 33/2, pp. 73-80.
See abstract
See full text [accessed 14/11/2015]

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Bianchi, A.
2012 Comparative studies on the pottery of Sector AK of the Royal Building in Tall Mozan/Urkeš (Syria)
Studien zur Urbanisierung Nordmesopotamiens Supplement
Serie D Band 2.
Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

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Bianchi, Alice, Heike Dohmann-Pfälzner, E. Geith, Peter Pfälzner & Anne Wissing
2012 Ausgrabungen 1998-2001 in der Zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš
Die Arkitektur und Stratigraphie

Studien zur Urbanisierung Nordmesopotamiens
Serie A, Band 1.
Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

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Bianchi, Alice & Anne Wissing
2009 Ausgrabungen 1998-2001 in der Zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš
Die Kleinfunde

Studien zur Urbanisierung Nordmesopotamiens
Serie A, Band 2.
Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

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Canby, Jeanny Vorys
2003 "A Figurine From Urkesh: A 'Darling' From Troy to Mesopotamia"
Iraq 65, pp. 171-173.
See full text

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Catagnoti, Amalia
1998 "The III Millennium Personal Names from the Habur Triangle in the Ebla, Brak and Mozan Texts"
in Subartu IV.1 (1998), pp. 41-66.
     The list includes a detailed analysis of most names, and concludes that there was major break in the onomastic tradition of the region between ED III and the classic Sargonic period (Naram-Sin and Šar-kali-šarri). In the first period, there is a local Semitic tradition that is the most important one, followed by a common Semitic tradition (Ebla, Mari and Kish), and a minor Hurrian one. In the second period (that includes Urkesh), the local Semitic tradition is replaced by a "colonial" Old Akkadian tradition (as known also from the Diyala, Kish and Gashur), while the other two continue as in the earlier period.  – [gB]

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Caubet, Annie & Patrick Pouyssegur
1997 The Origins of Civilization
The Ancient Near East

Paris: Finest/Terrail, 1998 (original French edition: 1997).
See abstract

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Christie, Agatha
1977 Come, Tell Me How You Live
New York (first published in 1946).

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Collins, Billie Jean
2004 "A Channel to the Underworld in Syria"
Near Eastern Archaeology 67.1, pp. 54-56.
See full text

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Crawford, V.E., P.O. Harper, O.W. Muscarella & B.E. Bodenstein
1966 The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Guide to the Collections, Ancient Near Eastern Art

New York.
Read online or pdf [accessed 14/11/2015]

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Dalley, Stephanie
2001 "Old Babylonian Tablets from Nineveh, and Possible Pieces of Early Gilgamesh Epic"
Iraq 63, pp. 155-167.
See abstract

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Deckers, K., M. Doll, P. Pfälzner & S. Riehl
2010 Ausgrabungen 1998-2001 in der Zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš
Development of the Environment, Subsistence and Settlement of the City of Urkeš and Its Region

Studien zur Urbanisierung Nordmesopotamiens Serie A Vol. 3. Wiesbaden.

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Dercksen, J.G.
2008 Anatolia and the Jazira During the Old Assyrian Period
Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten.

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Dilleman, L.
1962 Haute Mésopotamie orientale et pays adjacent
Contribution à la géographie historique de la région, du Ve s. avant l'ère chrétienne au VIe s. de cette ère

Institut Français d'Archéologique et Historique, vol. 72. Paris: Paul Geuthner.

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Dohmann-Pfälzner, Heike & Peter Pfälzner
1999 "Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in Tall Mozan/Urkeš
Bericht über die Vorkampagne 1998"

MDOG 131, pp. 17-46.
2000 "Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in der zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš
Bericht über die in Kooperation mit dem IIMAS durchgeführte Kampagne 1999"

MDOG 132, pp. 185-228.
2001 "Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in der zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš
Bericht über die in Kooperation mit dem IIMAS durchgeführte Kampagne 2000"

MDOG 133, pp. 97-140.
2002 "Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in der zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš
Bericht über die in Kooperation mit dem IIMAS durchgeführte Kampagne 2001"

MDOG 134, pp. 149-192.

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Dolce, Rita
1999 "Political Supremacy and Cultural Supremacy
A Hypothesis of Symmetrical Alternations between Upper Mesopotamia and Northern Syria in the Fourth and Third Millenia BC"

in L. Milano (ed.), Landscapes: Territories, Frontiers and Horizons in the Ancient Near East. Papers presented to the XLIV Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Venezia 7-11 July 1997. Vol. 2: Geography and Cultural Landscapes
History of the Ancient Near East Monographs
. Padova: Eisenbrauns, pp. 103-121.
See abstract

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Edzard, D.O. & G. Farber
1974 Répertoire géographique des Textes Cunéiformes
Die Orts- und Gewässernames der Zeit der 3. Dynastie von Ur

Wiesbaden: L. Reichert.

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Edzard, D.O., G. Farber & E. Sollberger
1977 Répertoire géographique des Textes Cunéiformes
Die Orts- und Gewässernames der präsargonischen und sargonischen Zeit

Wiesbaden: L. Reichert.

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Edzard, D.O. & A. Kammenhuber
1972-1975 "Hurriter, Hurritisch"
RLA 4, pp. 507-514.

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Ellis, Richard
1968 Foundation Deposits in Ancient Mesopotamia
New Haven: Yale University Press.

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Faivre, Xavier & Christophe Nicolle
2007 "La Jézireh au Bronze moyen et la céramique du Khabur"
in Michel al-Maqdissi, Valérie Matoïan and Christophe Nicolle, Céramique de l'âge du Bronze en Syrie.
Beyrouth, Institut Français du Proche-Orient, vol. II, pp. 179-229.
     By necessity this study (published in 2007, but submitted several years earlier), does not include substantial references to Tell Mozan other than in passing – e.g., on p. 194 it is indicated that "Khabur ware" ceramics is found in the house of Puššam [Unit C2], ignoring the even larger amount found in Area AA. The authors deal with, and reject, the Hurrian hypothesis for the origin of the Khabur ware: on p. 194, they refer to the "Hurrianizing" kingdom of Tell Mozan (!), and on p. 179, n. 5, the ystate that the definition of Hurrian ethnicity is based on onomastics, not on material culture. – [gB]

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Fourmet, Arnaud
2015 Lions d'Urkesh et cunéiforme éblaïte
The Book Edition.

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Gadd, C.J.
1940 "Tablets from Chagar Bazar and Tall Brak, 1937-38"
Iraq 7, pp. 22-66.

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Gelb, I.J.
1944 Hurrians and Subarians
Chicago.
1956 "New Light on Hurrians and Subarians,"
in Studi orientalistici in onore di Giorgio Levi della Vida.
Rome, Instituto per l'Oriente, pp. 378-92.

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Giorgeri, M.
2000 "Schizzo grammaticale della lingua Hurrica"
La civilità dei Hurriti = La parola del passato 55, pp. 171-277.
See full text [accessed 14/11/2015]

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Goetze, Albrecht
1953 "An Old Babylonian Itinerary"
JCS 7.2, pp. 51-71.

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Güterbock, Hans G.
1951-52 "The Song of Ullikummi: Revised Text of the Hittite Version of a Hurrian Myth"
JCS 5 (1951) pp. 135-161; 6 (1952) pp. 8-42.
1954-55 "The Hurrian Element in the Hittite Empire"
CHM 2/2, pp. 383-94.
1965 "A Votive Sword with Old Assyrian Inscription"
Assyriological Studies 16 (Chicago), pp. 197-198.

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Hallo, W.W.
1962 "The Royal Inscriptions of Ur: A Typology"
HUCA 33, pp. 1-43.
1964 "The Road to Emar"
JCS 18, pp. 57-88.
1978 "Simurrum and the Hurrian Frontier"
RHA 36, pp. 71-83.

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Hawkins, David
2007 "Hurrian"
in Postgate, J.N. (ed.), Languages of Iraq, Ancient and Modern, pp. 73-84.
See abstract

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Hijara, Ismail
in press Prehistoric Pottery from the Surface Collection of the 1985 Regional Survey
to appear in Urkesh/Mozan Studies

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Hrouda, B.
1958 "Wassukanni, Urkis, Subat-Enlil"
MDOG 90, pp. 22-35.
1985 "Zum Problem der Hurriter"
MARI 4, pp. 595-613

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Kessler, K.
1980 Untersuchungen zur historischen Topographie Nordmesopotamiens
Wiesbaden: L. Reichert.

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Kupper, Jean-Robert
1998 Lettres royales du temps de Zimri-Lim
Archives Royales de Mari 28.
Paris: Éditions Recherches sur les Civilisations.

See abstract

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Lawler, Andrew
2008 "Who Were the Hurrians?"
Archaeology 2008, pp. 46-50.
Online version [accessed 14/11/2015]

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Mallowan, M.E.L.
1937 The Excavations at Tall Chagar Bazar and an Archaeological Survey of the Khabur Region, Second Campaign, 1936"
Iraq 4.2, pp. 91-177.
1947 "Excavations at Brak and Chagar Bazar"
Iraq 9, pp. 1-259.
1971 "Early Dynastic Period in Mesopotamia"
CAH 1/2, pp. 238-314.
1977 Mallowan's Memoirs
New York.

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Mellink, M.
1972-75 "Hurriter Kunst"
RLA 4, pp. 514-519.

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Michalowski, P.
2003 "An Early Dynastic Tablet of ED Lu A from Tell Brak (Nagar)"
CDLJ, 2003_003, 6 pages.
See abstract

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Milano, Lucio, Walther Sallaberger, Philippe Talon & Karel Van Lerberghe
2004 Third Millennium Cuneiform Texts from Tell Beydar (Seasons 1996-2002)
Subartu 12. Turnout: Brepols.

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Moortgat Anton & Ursula Moortgat-Correns
1976 Tell Chuēra in Nordost-Syrien
Vorläufiger Bericht über die Siebente Grabunskampagne 1974

Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag.
1978 Tell Chuēra in Nordost-Syrien
Vorläufiger Bericht über die Achte Grabunskampagne 1976

Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag.

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Nougayrol, J.
1960 "Documents du Habur"
Syria 37.3/4, pp. 205-214.
See full text [accessed 14/11/2015]

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Otten, H.
1950 Mythen vom Gotte Kumarbi
Neue Fragmente

Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

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Parayre, D.
1977 "L'Attribution de Sculptures aux Hurrites"
in Barrelet 1977, pp. 115-208.

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Parrot, A.
1948 "Depot Hurrite de Foundation"
Musees de France (May), pp. 85-86.
1954 "Acquisitions et inédits du Musée de Louvre"
Syria 31.1/2, pp. 1-13.
See full text [accessed 14/11/2015]

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Parrot, A., & J. Nougayrol
1948 "Un Document de Foundation Hurrite"
RA 42.1/2, pp. 1-20.

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Pfälzner, Peter
2008 "Das Tempeloval von Urkeš
Betrachtungen zur Typologie und Entwicklungsgeschichte der mesopotamischen Ziqqurrat im 3. Jt. v. Chr."

Zeitschrift für Orient-Archäologie 1, pp. 396-433.

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Pfälzner, Peter & Anne Wissing
2004 Urbanismus in der Unterstadt von Urkeš
Ergebnisse einer geomagnetischen Prospektion und eines archäologischen Surveys in der südöstlichen Unterstadt von Tall Mozan im Sommer 2002

MDOG 136, pp. 41-86.

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Postgate, J. Nicholas
2007 Languages of Iraq, Ancient and Modern
Cambridge: British School of Archaeology in Iraq.

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Riehl, Simone
2000 "Erste Ergebnisse der archäobotanischen Untersuchungen in der zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš im Rahmen der DOG-IIMAS-Kooperation"
MDOG 132, pp. 229-238.

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Robinson, Spencer M.
2006 "Following a False Trail – The Search for the Hittites"
in al-Rafidan. Journal of Western Asiatic Studies 27, pp. 101-116.
See full text [accessed 14/11/2015]

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Sallaberger, Walther
2004 "Women at Beydar"
in Subartu 12

     The data from the Beydar tablets about the "female servant/slave" of a woman called Uqnitum are summarized on p.46. On p.48 the following comment is made: "The charming name Uqnītum 'the lapislazuli one' has become famous, as a queen from Urkesh bore this name (written ZA.GìN-ni-tum, Buccellati/Kelly-Buccellati 1995-96, 16, also on the reading), which seemed to be otherwise unattested in the onomoasticon of the IIIrd millennium (Catagnoti 1998, 59). The name is still known in the late IIIrd millennium (Ur III Nippur BBVO 11, 275, 6 NT 199 ii 11 ZA.GìN-tum) and later in the Old Babylonian period. At Beydar, the characteristic Early Dynastic writing of za.gìn as KUR.ZA is used." – [gB]


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Salvini, Mirjo
2000 "La civiltà dei Hurriti, popolo delll'Asia anteriore antica
Introduzione alla storia degli studi e alla documentazione testuale"

La civiltà dei Hurriti. La Parola del Passato 55, pp. 7-24.

"Le più antiche testimonianze dei Hurriti prima della formazione del regno di Mittanni"
La civiltà dei Hurriti. La Parola del Passato 55, pp. 25-67.
See abstract

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Schmidt, A.
2012 Ausgrabungen 1998-2001 in der Zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš
Die Keramik der Früh-Jazira V- bis Alt-Jazira II-Zeit

Studien zur Urbanisierung Nordmesopotamiens Serie A, Band 4. Wiesbaden.

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Sedláček, T.
2014 "The mythological background of three seal impressions found in Urkesh"
Religio: Revue pro Religionistiku 22.1, pp. 29-53.
See full text [accessed 14/11/2015]

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Smogorzewska, Anna
2010 "Andirons from Tell Arbid. Archaeological and Ethnoarchaeological Study"
Centre d'archéologie mediterranéenne de l'Academie Polonaise des Sciences. Études et Travaux 22, pp. 141-155.

     Describes some horseshoe-shaped hearths and props. Two complete andirons are found in an ED III/Akkadian context (p. 143), one of them with three pierced knobs on the inside. Another from the Late Ninevite 5 priod was found in a room with evidence of "post-consupmptino bone remains and drinking vessels with pointed basesd" which "look like debris left behind afetr a social gathering, durign which the hearth and its embers may have been used for toasting or grilling meat. ... Some bones found in this room belonged to pigs – they included the skeleton of a very young piglet." (p.147) While references to either the Urkesh andirons (Kelly-Buccellati 2004 and 2005) or the use of piglets in the abi (Kelly-Buccellati 2002) are missing, the opinion of the excavators of a similar andiron in Beidar is quoted, according to which the andirons would reveal an influence of the Early Transcaucasian culture. The author does not accept this view, on the basis that andirons are not unique to these two cultures. [However, the comparison is valid because of the similarities in the decorative patterns pointed out by Kelly-Buccellati 2003.] – [gB September 2010]
See full text [accessed 15/11/2015]


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Sollberger, E. & J.R. Kupper
1971 Inscriptions royales sumeriennes et akkadiennes
Paris.

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Speiser, E.A.
1930 Mesopotamian Origins. The Basic Population of the Near East
Philadelphia.
1953 The Hurrian Participation in the Civilization of Mesopotamia, Syria and Palestine
CHM 1.2, pp. 311-327.
(reprinted in J. J. Finkelstein and M. Greenberg, Oriental and Biblical Studies: Collected Writings of E. A. Speiser. Philadelphia 1967, pp. 244-269).

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Stein, Diana L.
2001 "Nuzi Glyptic: The Eastern Connection"
in W.W. Hallo & I.J. Winter (eds.), Seals and Seal Impressions: Proceedings of the XLVe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale. Part II. Yale University. Bethesda (MD.): CDL, pp. 149-183.
See abstract
See full text [accessed 15/11/2015]

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Thureau-Dangin, F.
1912 "Tablette de Samarra"
RA 11, pp. 1-14.

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Van Ginneken, Paul
2000 "De Hurrieten van Tell Mozan"
Spiegel Historiael 6, Issue 35, pp. 262-269.
See full text

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Van Liere, W. J. & J. Lauffray
1954-55 "Nouvelle prospection archéologique dans la haute Jezireh Syrienne"
AAS 4-5, pp. 129-148.

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Volk, Konrad
2004 "Beschriftete Objekte aus Tall Mozan/Urkeš"
MDOG 136, pp. 87-101.

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Von Dassow, Eva
State and Society in the Late Bronze Age
Alalaḫ under the Mittani Empire

SCCNH vol. 17. Bethesda (MD): CDL Press.

     This comprehensive and insightful study on the period that corresponds to the final phase of occupation at Urkesh includes an important section on the question of ethnicity (pp. 68-90), with special reference to the "Hurrians and Hurrianization." She refers to Urkesh (p.71) as the source of the earliest evidence for this question. She also refers briefly (p. 119) to "Terru'a failure to impose his sovereignty on the town of Urkeš." – [gB]


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Wegner, I.
1981 Gestalt und Kult der Istar-Sawuska in Kleinasien
AOAT 36, Neukirchen.

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Weiss, Harvey
2000 "Beyond the Younger Dryas. Collapse as Adaptation to Abrupt Climate Change in Ancient West Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean"
in G. Bawden & R. Reycraft (eds.), Environmental Disaster and the Archaeology of Human Response. Maxwell Museum of Anthropology. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, pp. 75-98.
See abstract
See full text [accessed 15/11/2015]

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Whiting, R.
1976 "Tiš-atal of Nineveh and Babati, Uncle of Šu-Sin"
JCS 28, pp. 173-82.

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Wilhelm, G.
1982 Grundzüge der Geschichte und Kultur der Hurriter
Darmstadt.
2001 "Hurritisch naipti 'Weidung', 'Weide' oder eine bestimmte Art von Weide"
in Thomas Richter, Doris Prechel, Jörg Klinger (eds.), Kulturgeschichten. Altorientalische Studien für Volkert Haas zum 65. Geburtstag. Saarbrücken: Saarbrücker Druckerei und Verlag, pp. 449-453.
     The Hurrian root na(w/v)- is likely to be the one from which Nawar is derived, the term used for the hinterland of Urkesh in the inscription of Atal-shen, the identification as Nagar being unlikely. The geographical name would then mean "Weideland" (pasture grounds), with an iterative suffix -ar-. (p. 449). – [gB]
2008 "Hurrians in the Kültepe Texts"
in Dercksen 2008 Anatolia and the Jazira, pp. 181-194.
     Referring to the Urkesh evidence that supports an early presence of the Hurrians in the northern Jazira, Wilhelm says that it "coincides well with this writer's argument that Hurrian anthroponymy points at a long "Sprachbund" situation between Hurrian and ancient Semitic languages, because Hurrian shares a certain type of sentence names with Akkadian, Amorite and Canaanite" (p.181). – gB]

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Wissing, Anne
2012 "Ritual Aspects of Middle Bronze Age Burial Practices in the Hurrian City of Urkesh"
in P. Pfälzner, H. Niehr, E. Pernicka & A. Wissing (eds.), (Re-)constructing funerary rituals in the ancient Near East. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, pp. 111-121.

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